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Acne and hormones
Acne can happen when sebum and dead skin cell clog the skin pores. Sebum is an oily substance that work as natural lubricant for the skin. Sebum effects to some women may be different to the others. In some women, the amount of sebum production is relative normal that make the skins of these women look glow and healthy. In the others, the amount of sebum production is excessive that make their skins look oily slick. Sebum and dead skin cells are the food sources for bacterium P. acnes. This bacterium cause the skin inflammation which we called acne.
Sebum production is influenced by progesterone and male-types hormone called testosterone. During ovulation, there is a spike in the amount of estrogen and progesterone levels. This affects the production of sebum to also be risen. The increasing progesterone make the skins swell and the pores constrict. Testosterone levels during and after ovulation is remain the same. Thus, when estrogen and progesterone decrease to the lowest point, testosterone level will be much higher than these hormones. The increasing progesterone level and the constant testosterone level during ovulation affects sebum production to be increasing which means the amount of sebum that clog the skin pores will be higher. That’s when you get pimple break out.
Read also: How To Get Rid Of Acne Scabs
How to treat acne during ovulation
To treat hormonal acne like this, hormonal treatment is what we need. But, taking care of the skins especially acne for teens is still needed, so that the acne during ovulation period won’t get worse.
- Birth control pill
Birth control pill releases a protein called sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG) that can suppress testosterone level. Birth control pill contains estrogen too that can reduce sebum production. All of these will keep the acne at bay.
Modified diet may be able to control cyclical acne. Avoiding dairy products and sugary foods is the best way to control the break out. Dairy products usually are made from pregnant cows which are rich with hormones. These cow hormones will be converted into testosterone when they enter our body. We know that testosterone can lead to increasing sebum. That is why, we should avoid dairy products during ovulation period. Sugary foods will increase the blood sugar level. To regulate the blood sugar, our body will release insulin hormone that eventually will affect the androgen hormone such as testosterone.
If the two ways above don’t success, consult your doctor what the best drugs to control the acne during ovulation. Usually doctor will prescribe spironolactone that can work lowering testosterone level. However, spironolactone has serious side effects for women. Make sure you have understood the risks and the benefits of this drug from your doctor.