Glucose Test During Pregnancy

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The Importance Of Glucose Test During Pregnancy
GoodHealthGuide – Why should an expecting mother take a glucose test during pregnancy? A lot of health practitioners will routinely recommend expecting mothers to undergo a glucose screening test or what can also be referred to as glucose challenge test (GCT). The test is generally done in order to find out whether or not the mother has gestational diabetes.

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Why Expecting Mothers Should Undergo Glucose Screening Test

Gestational diabetes itself is a condition where someone has high blood sugar and commonly occurs in pregnant women. At least 2 to 5 percent of pregnant women have the potential to acquire gestational diabetes, making it one one of the most common health problem for pregnant women. Unfortunately, gestational diabetes seldom shows certain symptoms. Therefore, the only way to check whether or not pregnant women have acquired gestational diabetes is to undergo glucose screening test.

Just like any other tests, GCT will not give you a diagnosis. The test is only designed to identify whether someone potentially has gestational diabetes. If the test result is positive, then the expecting mother will be recommended to go through further testing. This is because a positive test result does not always mean that the expecting mother has diabetes. The fact is that only less than a third of the women who are diagnosed positive when doing the test actually have diabetes. If the test result is positive, the next step is to undergo a glucose tolerance test (GTT). The test takes up more time, but the results are more accurate.

Generally, a health practitioner will ask you to be checked earlier, which is less than 24 weeks of pregnancy if the expecting mother’s routine urine test shows a high amount of sugar. However, if the glucose test is normal, then the next test will be done between 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy.

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The Steps Of Glucose Test

The expecting mother will be given a glass of sugar solution that contains 50 g of glucose which they have to drink within five minutes. After drinking it, they will be asked to wait for an hour before the health staff takes a sample of their blood. The purpose of taking the blood sample is to check how efficient the body of the expecting mother is in processing sugar. The test result itself will be released a few days after.

If the test shows a really high sugar level, then they will be asked to go back again for further testing. They will have to undergo a Glucose Tolerance Test that takes about three hours in order to determine whether or not the expecting mother really has gestational diabetes. If it turns out that you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, health practitioners will recommend you a health care plan. Usually, a high blood sugar level will last throughout the pregnancy. Therefore, not only do mothers have to do glucose test during pregnancy, they have to undergo the glucose test up to six to eight weeks after giving birth to make sure they no longer have diabetes.

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