Definition and risk
In general, the majority of women will be susceptible to hypotension during pregnancy. This is due to the cardiovascular changes in the body organs of pregnant women. When the cardiovascular system undergoes such changes then pregnant women will also experience changes in the performance of other organs. During the process of pregnancy, a woman will usually have a faster heart rate than usual and the amount of blood in the body will also increase. This will cause blood pressure levels in the body also experience differences.
We need to know that hypotension or low blood that occurs in pregnant women is potentially dangerous as high blood symptoms that occur during pregnancy. If the initial symptoms of hypotension or low blood are not treated immediately it will be at risk of the fetus that died in uterus.
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What to do
Usually pregnant women experience this at the age of first trimester of pregnancy until the middle of the second trimester. Normally low blood pressure is in the range of 90-130 in systolic (upper number) and 60-80 in diastolic (lower number), depending on one’s health condition. A person has low blood pressure or hypotension if his systolic pressure is less than 90 and diastolic is less than 60. To cope with low blood pressure, you can do the following:
- Eat healthy foods and balanced nutrition
- Consume foods with sufficient salt content
- Meet the needs of fluids with lots of drinking water
- Add multivitamin / supplementation during pregnancy, one of folic acid
- Drink plenty of water
Lack of fluid in the body or dehydration is a common cause of low blood pressure. Therefore, pay attention to your body fluid intake by drinking at least 8-10 glasses per day.
- Eat nutritious food
Eating enough nutritious foods, calories, and vitamins will help you avoid hypotensive symptoms.
- Get enough rest
Get enough rest and do not do the strenuous activity that makes symptoms of low blood pressure appear. Avoid fatigue and make sure your hours of sleep are enough.
- Diligent exercise
Lack of exercise can cause the blood vessels too flexible so that blood pressure becomes very low. One consequence, when standing too long blood vessels in the leg dilated to make the blood so low, causing dizziness, even falling.
- Check with your obstetrician
Make sure your health condition and the fetus are not disturbed by the occurrence of hypotension. This you can do with a routine to see a gynecologist.
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Hypotension will be dangerous if it causes severe symptoms, such as bleeding, severe headache, visual impairment, chest pain, shortness of breath, and weakness on one side of the body. Low blood pressure during pregnancy is not a disease but something that should get special attention during pregnancy.