How to Deal with Swollen Feet During Pregnancy
GoodHealthGuide.org – Some pregnant women can undergo swollen feet during pregnancy. In truth, swelling does not only happen to the feet, as pregnant women can also undergo swelling or edema in other body parts. However, swollen feet often make pregnant women uncomfortable and find it hard to accomplish their daily activities. How can this problem be dealt with?
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Swollen feet during pregnancy is actually something normal. In general, pregnant women undergoes swelling in areas below the knee. Other than that, swelling can also happen to the face or hands. This condition happens as, during pregnancy, women go through changes in their hormone levels. The release of hormones during pregnancy can trigger the body to retain more fluid and salt. Pressure from the growth of fetus as wells as the increase in blood volume during pregnancy can also cause edema.
In medical language, the swelling of feet, ankles, hands or arms is called as peripheral edema. Edema is formed if there is a destruction or increase of pressure on capillary blood vessels. As a result, fluid leaks from capillaries to the organ tissues around it, causing swelling in that area. The kidney responds by retaining more fluid and sodium. This is meant to replace the fluid lost from capillaries. However, it causes further swelling instead.
Dealing with Swollen Feet
There are some methods that you can follow in order to get rid of your swollen feet when you are pregnant. The first method is to support your feet with a pillow when you are sitting or lying down. The purpose of this is to improve blood circulation. Generally, edema happens to those who rarely exercises. Therefore, a pregnant woman is also recommended to regularly do light exercises such as swimming or walking. Even though you must exercise, you still have to avoid working too hard physically. Avoid sitting or standing for too long, as well as hot temperature, whether it is bathing with hot water or being exposed to the heat from the sun. However, you can wear warm clothing if you feel cold. You may also want to reduce salt from your food because consuming salty food can worsen edema.
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The Factors Influencing Swollen Feet Other Than Pregnancy
If the swelling does not heal or worsens over time, consult with a doctor as fast as possible. You should be aware of swollen feet in pregnant women, especially if it is accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty breathing, heavy headache, vomiting, extreme pain in the upper part of the stomach, and vision problems. Swelling can be caused by high blood pressure during pregnancy or what is also referred to as preeclampsia, or other serious conditions such as varicose veins, diabetes, blood clotting, heart failure, and much more.
During pregnancy, it is important for expecting mothers to do a routine check-up to their gynecologists in order to monitor the health of the mother as well as the fetus. A routine check-up is also helpful for early detection of whether or not the swollen feet during pregnancy is a normal condition or is caused by other serious conditions so that proper measures can be taken.