GoodHealthGuide – Why Your Cholesterol Level Should Be Within The Normal Total Cholesterol Range?
Having a cholesterol level that is above the normal total cholesterol range can increase the risks for heart diseases, stroke, and poor blood circulation. Knowing your cholesterol level is important as a preventive action for those diseases. Cholesterol itself is a fat substance produced by various cells in the body. About one-fourth of the cholesterol in your body is produced by the cells of the heart. In general, the human body needs cholesterol in order to remain healthy.
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When To Get Your Cholesterol Levels Checked
When should you start checking your level of cholesterol? It is best to start when you reach the age of 20 if you smoke, have excess weight, high blood pressure, suffer from diabetes, and have a family history of heart diseases. However, if you do not smoke and do not suffer from the mentioned diseases you can start at the age of 35. If the results come back as normal, then you can check again every 5 years. However, if it turns out that your cholesterol level is high, then you must undergo the blood test more often, particularly if you have diabetes, and heart or kidney diseases.
There are two types of cholesterol, which are the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and the low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or the good and bad cholesterol, respectively. The bad cholesterol is known as being the main cause for atheroma formation. Other than good and bad cholesterol, another form of fat in blood is triglyceride.
Atheroma itself is a trigger for the heart disease known as atherosclerosis. Atheroma is the fat plaque that accumulates in the walls of the arteries. After months, the plaque can thicken and spread. That is when the blood vessels become clogged which leads to a disruption in blood flow. This is what causes all of the mentioned diseases regarding high cholesterol.
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Normal Total Cholesterol Range
Cholesterol levels differ from one person to another, depending on what they consume. Other than that, two different people can still have different levels of cholesterol even though they consume the same exact food. This is because genetics also have a role in determining the cholesterol levels of a person. Before undergoing a test for cholesterol levels, you must fast for 9 to 12 hours first. The test is done by finding out how many milligrams (mg) of cholesterol you have in every deciliter (dL) of your blood.
The level of total cholesterol is made up of good and bad cholesterol as well as triglyceride in every deciliter of the blood. Usually, you can already picture the general condition of your cholesterol levels just by looking at the level of your total cholesterol as well as good cholesterol. However, if your total cholesterol range is 200 mg/dL or more, or your good cholesterol is less than 40 mg/dL, you must do a thorough cholesterol exam which measures bad cholesterol and triglyceride. The normal total cholesterol range is anything below 200 mg/dL, but numbers above that are considered as high cholesterol.