However, there is the possibility of a fertilized egg being attached to an organ other than the uterus and this is called an ectopic pregnancy. The fallopian tube is the organ that is most often attached to the egg. Other organs that may be the site of the development of ectopic pregnancy include the abdominal cavity, ovary, and cervix.
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Causes of Ectopic Pregnancy
One of the most common causes of ectopic pregnancy is failure of fallopian tubes, for example because of inflammatory or inflammatory processes. This damage will block the fertilized egg to enter the uterus so that it eventually sticks in the fallopian tube itself or other organs.
In addition, unbalanced hormone levels or abnormal development of a fertilized egg can sometimes act as a trigger.
There are a number of factors suspected to trigger an ectopic pregnancy. These risk factors include:
- Choice of contraceptives
The use of a spiral or intrauterine device contraceptive device (IUD) aims to prevent pregnancy. However, if pregnancy persists, it is likely that this pregnancy is ectopic.
- Have had an ectopic pregnancy before
Women who have experienced this condition have a higher risk to return to experience it.
- Have an infection or inflammation
Women who have had inflammatory fallopian tubes or pelvic inflammatory disease from sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea or chlamydia, have a higher risk for ectopic pregnancy.
- Fertility problems and treatment can sometimes trigger an ectopic pregnancy.
- Sterilization process and vice versa
Inadequate tubal binding or tubal binding procedures are also at risk of triggering an ectopic pregnancy.
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Symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy
Initially, ectopic pregnancy tended to be asymptomatic or had a sign similar to that of an ordinary pregnancy before other symptoms indicated an ectopic pregnancy. Among others are:
- Pain in the lower abdomen that usually occurs on 1 side.
- Pain in the pelvis.
- Mild bleeding from the vagina.
- Dizzy or limp.
- Nausea and vomiting accompanied by pain.
- Pain in the shoulder.
- Pain or pressure in the rectum during bowel movements.
- If the fallopian tube is torn, great bleeding may occur that may trigger a loss of consciousness.
Women suspected of having an ectopic pregnancy should be immediately taken to the hospital for treatment as soon as possible. Pregnancy pregnancies detected early without a normally developing fetus in the womb are generally treated with methotrexate injections. This drug will stop the growth as well as destroy the cells that have been formed. Ectopic pregnancy can also be treated with surgery. This procedure is usually performed through a keyhole or laparoscopic operation. The umbilical fallopian tube will be repaired if possible. It is important for every pregnant woman to get information about “What is an ectopic pregnancy?” and get a thorough health and pregnancy checkup.